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      2016地理60個易混易錯點一網打盡 省時省力拿高分

      2016地理60個易混易錯點一網打盡 省時省力拿高分

      編者推薦

      本資料將高中地理易混易錯知識點一網打盡,每個知識點包含易混易錯知識點典型試題精析、思路點撥、探究疑惑三個部分,實用性、針對性極強,重在幫助同學們在學習地理的過程中避免走彎路,節省時間,提高有效學習的效率,在應試中提高識別能力,練就“火眼金睛”,從而讓你自信地走入考場,自豪地走出考場。

      內容簡介

      1 等高線地形圖····················································································· 3

      2 地球的圈層結構·················································································· 7

      3 地球的運動························································································ 10

      4 經緯網······························································································ 18

      5 太陽對地球的影響··············································································· 22

      6 大氣的受熱過程·················································································· 25

      7 地表形態變化的內、外力因素································································ 29

      8 地殼物質循環····················································································· 35

      9 鋒面、低壓(氣旋)、高壓(反氣旋)等天氣系統的特點····························· 39

      10 全球氣壓帶、風帶的分布、移動規律及其對氣候的影響····························· 42

      11 世界洋流分布規律、洋流對地理環境的影響············································· 45

      12 水循環過程和主要環節及地理意義························································ 49

      13 自然地理環境的差異性······································································· 52

      14 自然環境的整體性············································································· 58

      15 地表形態對聚落及交通線路分布的影響·················································· 61

      16 全球氣候變化對人類活動的影響··························································· 65

      17 自然災害發生的主要原因及危害··························································· 69

      18 自然資源對人類生存和發展的意義························································ 73

      19 城市化···························································································· 76

      20 城市空間結構··················································································· 79

      21 人口遷移························································································· 82

      22 人口增長與問題················································································ 85

      23 工業生產與地理環境·········································································· 89

      24 交通運輸布局··················································································· 92

      25 農業生產與地理環境·········································································· 95

      26 人類活動地域聯系的主要方式······························································ 98

      27可持續發展的基本內涵········································································ 101

      28人地關系思想發展的歷史演變······························································· 103

      29人類所面臨的主要環境問題·································································· 105

      30走可持續發展···················································································· 108

      31產業轉移—以東亞為例········································································ 110

      32德國魯爾區的探索·············································································· 115

      33黃土高原水土流失的治理····································································· 122

      34美國田納西河流域的治理····································································· 127

      35中國東北地區農業的可持續發展···························································· 131

      36中國江蘇省工業化和城市化的探索························································· 136

      37資源的跨區域調配——以我國西氣東輸為例············································· 140

      38地理信息技術的應用··········································································· 144

      39地質災害·························································································· 147

      40海洋災害·························································································· 151

      41氣象災害·························································································· 153

      42生物災害·························································································· 157

      43旅游景觀的欣賞················································································· 160

      44旅游開發與保護················································································· 163

      45旅游資源·························································································· 165

      46現代旅游及其作用·············································································· 171

      47做一個合格的現代游客········································································ 175

      48環境保護·························································································· 177

      49海洋和海岸帶···················································································· 183

      50海洋環境問題與保護··········································································· 186

      51海洋開發·························································································· 189

      52海洋權益·························································································· 192

      53城鄉發展與城市化·············································································· 195

      54城鄉分布·························································································· 197

      55城鄉規劃·························································································· 200

      56城鄉建設與生活環境··········································································· 203

      57地表形態的變化················································································· 206

      58地球的演化······················································································· 209

      59太陽系和地月系················································································· 212

      60宇宙································································································ 216

      部分內容展示:

      1.不清楚經緯線的長度變化

      (1)所有的經線都是等長的半圓,理論上講為赤道長度的一半。而緯線的長度則是從赤道向兩極遞減,赤道最長,南北緯60度的緯線圈為赤道長度的一半。

      (2)同一經線上,緯度相差1°的地點間隔的實際距離是111千米(也有的教輔上是110千米,做題過程中同學們可根據實際情況選擇最簡單的進行計算,下同)。同一緯線上,經度相差1°的地點間隔的實際距離是111千米×cos θ(θ為該緯線的度數)。

      (3)根據上述內容可以推斷出,相鄰緯線之間的長度間隔相等;相鄰經線之間的長度間隔不相等,在赤道處最大,在極點處為0(這點在圓柱投影圖中尤為重要)。

      1. 經緯網圖判讀不清

      (1)在有經緯網或者經緯度的情況下,南北方向可以直接根據緯度判斷,較為簡單。難點是東西方向的判斷,地球自轉的方向無論南北半球都是自西向東,兩點間判斷方向要取最短距離,即兩點間的劣弧段。也可按照經緯度來判斷,若兩地分別位于東、西經度,把兩地經度相加,如果兩地經度和小于180°,則東經的地點在東邊,西經的地點在西邊;如果兩地經度和大于180°,則東經的地點在西邊,西經的地點在東邊;如果兩地經度和等于180°,則兩地互為東西方向,即說兩地任意一地點在東邊,另一地點在西邊均可。

      (2)在以極地為中心的俯視圖中,應該按照地球自轉方向來確定東西方向(注意按照劣弧的方向來判斷);而就南北方向來說,不能直接按照兩地的緯度去判斷,應該注意沿線運動中,其南北方向有一個轉折點(即從極點做該線的垂線,垂足丙為轉折點),從經過轉折點的前后分別找出其運動的南北方向。

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